Plants dangerous for Pets
This lump is growing rapidly and sticking his nose into every corner. And one day, coming home from work, you found him studying the contents of broken flower pots – the tail pipe and my eyes burn. And yet, he struggles to enjoy your favorite tsiperus or just to smell what you smell cactus. Not less problems and lovers of birds. Domestic birds – parrots, Canaries – also partial to greens. The object of their attention becomes vivid fruits, flowers (usually red) and even the young shoots.
But to say for sure who suffers more from this neighborhood – animals or plants. Because plants are able to defend themselves and are often found among them very dangerous instances.
First place for harm surely hold the representatives of the family Araceae . The list is quite impressive: aglaonema. alokaziya, Anthurium. dieffenbachia. Zantedeschia, zamioculcas, Caladium. colocasia, monstera. syngonium, Spathiphyllum, philodendron, Golden pothos . Proudly showing off their beauty, they are “put to sleep” our vigilance has long become welcome and familiar. The danger lies in the elements of their secretory tissues: secretory cells, resin ducts, mlecznych. Their main function in nature is protection from being eaten by animals. Poisonous SAP causes swelling of the larynx and clinicolaboratory mouth, and at hit in eyes – conjunctivitis and irreversible changes of the cornea. Danger all parts of plant.
Monstera does not have latex cells especially, but in between there is a thin needle of education (trichocereeae and Rapide), which, falling on the mucous membranes, causing severe burning. Even slightly immature fruits contain them in great quantity and ripe, edible by the way, they dissolve the fetus. But the most dangerous dieffenbachia, whose fiery juice causes severe burns to mucous membranes and even skin. By the way, in the past century in the West Indies plantation owners would punish slaves by forcing them to chew on dieffenbachia shoots. Arising immediately the swelling of the mucous membranes of the tongue and difficult speech, hence the popular name of the plant – “mute switch”. Thousands of small rapid penetrate the mucous membrane and hurt her. Chemical burn cause toxic proteins, penetrating into the resulting wounds. In addition, in all parts of plants contain cyanide compounds.
No less dangerous acquaintance allowed the family Euphorbiaceae . namely milkweed. a Croton. the jatropha and acalypha . Their resins contain a substance autorun, causing long non-healing burns, ulcers, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes, oral cavity, pharynx, dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract and nervous regulation. However, severe consequences occur only if large quantities eaten green mass, but little trouble and provided with a slight “bite”. The taste of the juice of these plants is very bitter – that’s probably a warning that they are inedible. But before the tasting is not reached. The trouble is that the juice is in the cells under high pressure. And it should only lightly touch the shoots, as he immediately gets on the skin or mucous membrane and leaves its mark. Our ancestors juice of Euphorbia called “devil’s milk”.
Another group of plants dangerous presence in the milky juice of alkaloids and glycosides. It metrovia – captivating your adenium flowers . at a budget price . A. Mandeville . katarantus . oleander . pachypodium . rauwolfia . The natives of many countries used toxic substances in the manufacture of arrow poison. Of course, it largely refers to the species growing in the nature, indoor plants, breeding of harmful quality has weakened considerably. But in small animals the penetration of poison into the body can cause a breach of cardiac activity.
With increased attention should be attributed to the representatives of the family amaryllidaceae – Hippeastrum . Cleve . gemantus . hymenocallis . the euharisa . In the leaves, peduncles and the scales of the bulbs of amaryllidaceae majority of the formed cavity, containing mucus, resulting in damage. Chemical analysis reveals the presence of alkaloids and rapid.
Attractive to animals and birds vivid fruits and flowers of plants of the family Solanaceae . Decorative pepper . brovalliya . brunfelsia . brugmansia . solandra – frequent inhabitants of our apartments. Toxic alkaloids contained in all parts of plants, cause nausea, vomiting, drowsiness.
Azaleas toxic the representatives of family Ericaceae . The leaves, eaten in large quantities, can in some animals cause vomiting and numbness, others to provoke excitement. Toxic substances patsie cause disorders of the nervous system. And even harmless essential oils of pelargonium – irritation of the small birds. Ivy is especially dangerous for rodents. But aloe can provoke a severe attack of diarrhoea almost any animal.
We should not forget about this danger, as thorns, spikes, sharp serrated edges of the leaf blades, so characteristic of the cacti . some of the palm trees . pandanus and other plants.
And yet, after reading the article, don’t rush in a panic out of all house plants. First, the most dangerous can just be rearranged in places that are inaccessible to animals. Dogs and rodents simple: just place flower pots and planters a bit taller. From annoying the bird’s attention flowers will protect curtains or blinds. More difficult with the ubiquitous cats, they are not only accessible to the plants, suspended from the ceiling, which is not always convenient for all the other inhabitants of the apartment. In this case, try to distract the animal from indoor plants, planting special herbs in an accessible place. If the plants have nowhere to move, and my pet can’t wait to get to them, it is not necessary to wait for sad consequences. Give the flowers to friends who have no dogs, nor cats, or take him to work.
If you are late, and your beast managed to try a poisonous plant, quickly give him first aid: rinse mouth, give activated charcoal with plenty of water, treat the skin surface, remove a splinter, in General, act according to circumstances! If you are not sure will be able to help, try as soon as possible to deliver the animal to the vet. Worse if it ate from the forbidden tree in your absence. So, returning home, check for any bites or other injuries to the poisonous plants. And most importantly, be attentive to those you love.