Most large whales in the world
On our planet lives of tens of thousands of species of animals, but only some of them have impressive sizes. Animals live everywhere on land, in the air, underground and in water. At the last place of residence living creatures we will stop. Since childhood everyone knows that whales are the biggest animals living in the aquatic environment. But few people realize that among them too there are incomparable giants. We offer to the reader information on what are the biggest whales in the world.
10 the minke whale LinkedIn of 10.7 meters
Top of the world’s largest whale opens the smallest whale of the family plastikovyh. Animal that feeds on plankton and small fish, has fins and belly are white, and dark grey upper body color. A distinctive feature of the whale are its white stripes in the back of the head.
Inhabits the waters of both the Northern and southern hemisphere. The length of the largest specimens reached up to 10.7 meters.
The leader in the number of minke whales annually produced is the “land of the Rising sun” — Japan. Whaling is approximately 900 individuals. On the second and third positions are Norway and Iceland respectively.
9 Northern smooth cidlina 13-17 meters
This kind of family of baleen whales distributed in the Northern waters of Atlanticocean. Individuals, from 13 to 17 meters long, have a mass of over 100 tons. A distinctive feature of the kit is the lack of a dorsal fin. Animal, black color, occupying 9 place in the top of the biggest whales in the world, has a large number of parasites on his body. They’ll be thick especially forehead of a mammal.
The speed of movement of the whale is not more than 8 km/h. as a Result, he becomes an easy prey for humans. Is currently on the verge of extinction. The number of surviving whales less than 300 individuals.
8 Humpback cidlina 17-18 meters
Another animal of our ranking of the greatest whales of the world, of the family plastikovyh. It got its name because of a dorsal fin in the shape of a hump. The largest individuals of this species reach a size of 17-18 metres. The weight does not exceed 50 tons. The whale has a specific form and coloration of the body, very long pectoral fins (30% of whole body), and a large tail fin. The species is distributed throughout the world’s oceans, except the Arctic ocean. In Russia, found only in a small part of the Barents sea.
7 smooth South cidlina 18 meters
Another view of the family of baleen whales. Animals, the size of 18 metres and weighing up to 80 tons, have a color ranging from dark brown to blue-black. A distinctive feature of southern right whales are growths under the jaw and above the eyes. The head size is 1/3 the size of the body. There is no dorsal fin. Females of the southern Atlantic right whale is physically larger than males.
Animals, which are one of the biggest whales in the world, inhabit the southern ocean (temperate and Subpolar latitudes).
For a long time this species was under threat but, at present, the number of individuals exceeds more than 7 000.
6 Japanese cidlina 19 meters
This type of whale has little to distinguish it from the smooth North Atlantic, but it is larger. Large specimens reach the size of 19 m. the weight of the Japanese whale does not exceed 80 tons. Individuals black color with a small dorsal fin feed on crustaceans. Swim slowly, but often love to jump out of the water. The birth rate of the Japanese whale low. Females give birth to one calf every three to four years. While they must have attained the age of 6-12 years. Inhabit the North Pacific, sometimes found off the coast of Mexico. Now the Japanese whale under threat of extinction. On the planet have 400 individuals of this species one of the largest in the animal Kingdom.
5 Casalattico 20 meters
Sperm whales live in groups numbering several dozen individuals. In this species of mammal is pronounced sexual dimorphism, i.e. females are smaller, different shape of body, head. The largest specimens are males reach a length of 20 metres and weigh 50 tons. Females — 15 meters, 20 tons.
The mammal, which occupies the middle rankings of the largest whales in the world, feeds on shellfish and squid, reaching 14 to 18 feet in length. Considered aggressive animals, therefore hunting is very risky.
The habitat of the sperm whale is distributed in all oceans except the coldest areas.
4 Cavallina 20 meters
Specimen, reaching lengths of 20 meters and weight 30 tons, belongs to the family of whales. Dark grey whale with large dorsal fin feed on mollusks, fish, gathering in flocks, and crustaceans. The SEI whale lives more than 60 years. Puberty comes 5-7 years. Speeds over 25 km/h. habitat: all oceans in places with temperatures above 8 degrees, but below 26. In Russia this species is one of the biggest whales in the world can be found in the Kuril Islands and in the Barents sea (rare).
3 Greenland cidlina 18-22 meters
The most seasoned whale in the world living in the polar regions of the Arctic and off the coast of Greenland. Has a diameter of 18-22 meters and a body weight from 75 to 150 tons, depending on the sex of the animal. The mammal can sprint to 20 km/h is Immersed to a depth of 200 meters and can stay there for 40 minutes.
Lives about 40 years. Some individuals can be more than 100 years. The record lifespan of a Bowhead whale was 211 years old. Animal, located on the third line of the top of the biggest whales in the world, feeds on plankton and crustaceans.
2 Finalgon 27 meters
Is the second largest animal in the world and the closest relative of the blue whale. Species living in the Northern and southern hemispheres, belongs to the family plastikovyh. Maximum adult length is about 27 meters. The size of the females larger than the males, but their weight is about the same — between 40 and 70 tons.
The animal with the back in dark grey and white belly, prefers to live alone. But, sometimes straying in flocks to 5-6 birds. Considered to be the fastest whale in the world. Its speed reaches 50 km/h is Immersed to a maximum depth of 230 metres.
1 Blue CityLine 33 meters
And here is a leader of our rating of the largest whales in the world. Is the largest creature that ever lived on the planet. Mammal, with a length of 33 meters and a body weight more than 150 tons, feed on plankton and small fish stevey.
Blue whales live alone. Sometimes gather in small groups, but even they float separately from each other. Inhabit all areas of the World ocean. On average, individuals of a blue whale live for about 80 years. The oldest officially recorded age of the animal was 110 years old. Now the blue whale is on the verge of extinction. In 60-ies of the last century was almost extinct. Scientists are doing their best to increase the population size. Now the number of mammals is 10,000 individuals.